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Land Use Categories Indicating Potential Contaminants

Hazardous Substance Land Use Sites

The Australian Standard AS4482.1 1997 'Guide to the sampling and investigation of potentially contaminated soil Part 1: Non-volatile and semi-volatile compounds contains an appendix (Appendix I) that provides details of 28 different industry sectors and the types of chemicals that may have been used in those industries. This appendix has been adapted for the purposes of this web site to show industries and activities in which BTEX and heavy metal contaminants may be found. If you are also concerned about the potential effects of other contaminants, refer to the original document for initial guidance.

This information should be considered only a guide to the types of site in which these contaminants may be found. Its primary purpose should be to allow a collation of information on all potential sites within the area.

Summary of potential contaminating land uses and contaminants likely to common in New Zealand (from AS4482.1: 1997).

ANZECC Land Use Activity

BTEX

Metals

Comment

Agricultural horticultural activities

 

As, Cu , Mo, Cd, Pb

 

Airports

4

Cr, Cd

 

Battery manufacture and recycle

 

Pb, Mn, Zn, Cd, Ni, Co, Hg, Sb

 

Bulk liquid storage

4

   

Chemical manufacture and use

4

As, Pb,

 

Defence works

 

Cu, Hg

Those associated with machinery servicing

Drum reconditioning

4

 

Dependent on drum contents

Dry cleaning

   

None of concern?

Electoplating

 

Cr, Zn, Pb?, Cd, Cu, Ni, Sn, Ag

 

Engine works

4

Pb

 

Gas works

4

As, Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Zn

 

Landfill sites

4

All heavy metals

 

Mining

 

All heavy metals

Associated with high background concentrations

Power generation and electrical

?

Pb, Cu, Hg

Organic solvents

Railway yards

4

As, heavy metals

 

Scrap yards

4

Metals

 

Service stations

4

Pb, Cu, Zn

 

Sheep and cattle dips

 

As

 

Smelting and refining

 

Pd, Cu, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni, Sn

 

Tanning

 

Cr, Mn, As

 

Wood preservation

 

Cu Cr As

 

Water and sewage treatment plant

 

As, Cd, Cr, Co, Pb, Ni, Zn, Hg

Ni, Zn, Cd, Hg 

(Sites selected from criteria outlined above)

Note: the ANZECC land-use categories are activity-specific and excludes environments that may become contaminated due to accumulation of contaminants (e.g. estuaries). These types of environments are included within the contaminated site definition but could include a wide range of contaminants and some contaminant sources not considered by the ANZECC land-use categories (e.g. road run-off).

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Page last updated: 01 May 2007

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