| Home | About Our Site | Introductory Risk Assessment | Advanced Risk Assessment | Search | Contact Us |

Land Use Categories Indicating Potential Contaminants

Hazardous Substance Land Use Sites

The Australian Standard AS4482.1 1997 'Guide to the sampling and investigation of potentially contaminated soil Part 1: Non-volatile and semi-volatile compounds contains an appendix (Appendix I) that provides details of 28 different industry sectors and the types of chemicals that may have been used in those industries. This appendix has been adapted for the purposes of this web site to show industries and activities in which BTEX and heavy metal contaminants may be found. If you are also concerned about the potential effects of other contaminants, refer to the original document for initial guidance.

This information should be considered only a guide to the types of site in which these contaminants may be found. Its primary purpose should be to allow a collation of information on all potential sites within the area.

Summary of potential contaminating land uses and contaminants likely to common in New Zealand (from AS4482.1: 1997).

ANZECC Land Use Activity




Agricultural horticultural activities


As, Cu , Mo, Cd, Pb




Cr, Cd


Battery manufacture and recycle


Pb, Mn, Zn, Cd, Ni, Co, Hg, Sb


Bulk liquid storage



Chemical manufacture and use


As, Pb,


Defence works


Cu, Hg

Those associated with machinery servicing

Drum reconditioning



Dependent on drum contents

Dry cleaning


None of concern?



Cr, Zn, Pb?, Cd, Cu, Ni, Sn, Ag


Engine works




Gas works


As, Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Zn


Landfill sites


All heavy metals




All heavy metals

Associated with high background concentrations

Power generation and electrical


Pb, Cu, Hg

Organic solvents

Railway yards


As, heavy metals


Scrap yards




Service stations


Pb, Cu, Zn


Sheep and cattle dips




Smelting and refining


Pd, Cu, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni, Sn




Cr, Mn, As


Wood preservation


Cu Cr As


Water and sewage treatment plant


As, Cd, Cr, Co, Pb, Ni, Zn, Hg

Ni, Zn, Cd, Hg 

(Sites selected from criteria outlined above)

Note: the ANZECC land-use categories are activity-specific and excludes environments that may become contaminated due to accumulation of contaminants (e.g. estuaries). These types of environments are included within the contaminated site definition but could include a wide range of contaminants and some contaminant sources not considered by the ANZECC land-use categories (e.g. road run-off).

| Home | About Our Site | Introductory Risk Assessment | Advanced Risk Assessment | Search | Contact Us | Disclaimer

Page last updated: 01 May 2007

Copyright 1998 - 2003 Project Participants & their Organisations