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Resources for Ecotoxicity Testing Protocols

Adema, D. M., Henzen, L. 1989 A comparison of plant toxicities of some industrial chemicals in soil culture and soiless culture. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 18:219-229.

ANZECC 1992 Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council / National Health and Medical Council: Australian and New Zealand guidelines for the assessment and management of contaminated sites.

APHA (American Public Health Association) 1989 Toxicity Test Methods for Aquatic Organisms, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 17th ed., Washington, DC, Part 8000.

ASTM 1994 Standard practice for conducting early seedling growth tests E1598-94.

ASTM 1997 Standard guide for selecting and using ecological end points for contaminated sites E1848-96.

ASTM (1997). Standard guide for conducting three-brood, renewal toxicity tests with Ceriodaphnia dubia. E1295-89. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Philadelphia, Pa. USA., American Society for Testing and Materials. 11.04: 1028-1046.

Bartlett, R. J. 1991 Chromium cycling in soils and water: links, gaps and methods. Environ. Health Perspect. 92:17-24.

Burnet, A. M. R. (1972). Effects of paraquat on invertebrates in a Canterbury stream, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 6(4): 448-455.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) 1997 Recommended Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines.

Environment Canada (1990). Biological test method. Reference method for determining acute lethality of effluents to rainbow trout. No. EPS 1/RM13. Conservation and Protection, Environment Canada, pp. 18.

Environment Canada 1990 Biological test method: Reference method for determining acute lethality of effluents to rainbow trout. EPS 1/RM/13.

Environment Canada. 1990 Biological test method: acute lethality test using rainbow trout + amendment. EPS 1/RM/9. Environment Canada.

Environment Canada. 1990 Biological test method: acute lethality test using Daphnia spp. EPS 1/RM/11.

Environment Canada. 1990 Biological test method: acute lethality test using threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus EPS 1/RM/10.

Environment Canada. 1990 Guidance documentation. Control of toxicity test precision using reference toxicants. EPS 1/RM/12.

Environment Canada. 1992 Biological test method: growth inhibition test using the freshwater alga Selenastrum capricornutum, EPS 1/RM/25. Environment Canada.

Environment Canada. 1992 Biological test method: toxicity test using luminescent bacteria Photobacterium phosphoreum EPS 1/RM/24.

Environment Canada. 1992 Biological test method: toxicity tests using early life stages of salmonid fish Rainbow Trout, Coho Salmon, or Atlantic Salmon EPS 1/RM/28.

Environmental Canada 1992 Biological test method: Fertilisation Assay Using Echinoids Sea urchins and Sand dollars EPS 1/RM/27.

Environment Canada 1992 Biological Test Method: Test to reproduction and survival using cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia. Amendments to EPS 1/RM/21.

Environment Canada (1992). Environmental protection series biological test method: test of reproduction and survival using the cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia. Environment Canada.

Environment Canada 1997 Biological Test Method: Test for survival and growth in sediment using the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca. EPS 1/RM/33.

Environment Canada 1997 Biological test method: Test of larval growth and survival using fathead minnows. Amendments to EPS 1/RM/22.

Environment Canada 1997 Biological test method: Fertilization assay using echinoids sea urchins and sand dollars Amendments EPS 1/RM/27.

Environment Canada 1997 Biological test method: Growth inhibition test using freshwater alga Selenastrum capricornutum. Amendments to EPS 1/RM/25.

EPPO 1994 Decision-making scheme for the environmental risk assessment of plant protection chemicals: : Soil microflora. EPPO Bulletin 24: 1-16.

Fairbrother, A., Glazebrook, P.W., van Straalen, N., Tarazona, J.V. 1999 Summary of a SETAC Workshop on Test Methods for Hazard Determination of Metals and Sparingly Soluble Metal Compounds in Soils; 19-23 June 199; San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain. Pensacola FL: Society fo Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC).

Gorsuch, J. W., Kringle, R. O. , Robillard, K. 1990 Chemical effects on the germination and early growth of terrestrial plants. In: Plants for Toxicity Assessment. ASTM STP 1091, pp. 49-58.

Hall, J.A.; Golding, L.A. (1998). Standard methods for whole effluent toxicity testing: development and application. Report no. MFE80205. NIWA report for the Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Hickey, C.W. (1995). Ecotoxicity in New Zealand. Australian Journal of Ecotoxicology 1: 43-50.

Hickey, C.W. (2000). Ecotoxicology: laboratory and field approaches. In: New Zealand stream invertebrates: Ecology and implications for management. K. C. Collier; M. Winterbourn, eds. Caxton Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. pp. 313-343.

Hickey, C. W. and Vickers, M. L. (1994). Toxicity of ammonia to nine New Zealand freshwater invertebrate species. Archives of Environmental Toxicology 26: 292 - 298.

Hornung, E., Farkas, S., Fischer, E 1998 Tests on the isopod Porcellio scaber. In:Handbook of soil invertebrate toxicity tests, (Eds. Lokke, H., van Gestel, C.A.M.) John Wiley, Chichester, pp. 207-226.

Hunt, D. M. (1974). Toxicity of paraquat to Paracalliope fluviatilis (Amphipoda). Mauri Ora 2: 67-72.

Kula, H., Larink, O. 1998 Tests on the earthworm Eisenia fetida and Aporrectodea caliginosa. In:.Handbook of soil invertebrate toxicity tests (Eds. Lokke, H., van Gestel, C.A.M.) John Wiley, Chichester, pp. 95 - 112.

McLean, J.E., Bledsoe, B.E. 1992 Behaviour of Metals in Soils. In: EPA Ground Water Issue EPA/540/S-92/018 pp. 1-20.

Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) 1997 Toxicological Benchmarks for Screening Contaminants of Potential Concern for Effects on Terrestrial Plants. 1997 revision prepared by Efroymson, R.A., Will, M.E., Suter II, G.W. & Wooten, A.C. ES/ER/TM-85/R3. US Department of Energy, East Tennessee Technology Park.

OECD 1984a Terrestrial plants growth test, OECD guidelines for testing of chemicals, No. 208.

OECD 1984b Earthworm, acute toxicity tests. OECD guideline for testing of chemicals, No. 207.

OECD 1996 Soil microorganisms: nitrogen mineralisation test. Draft OECD guideline.

Porcella, 1983 Protocol for bioassessment of hazardous waste sites. EPA-600/2-83-054.

USEPA (1985). Short-term methods for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater organisms, US Environmental Protection

USEPA 1993 Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA/600/4-90/027F. August 1993.

USEPA 1995 Short-term methods for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to West Coast Marine and Estuarine Organisms. EPA/600/R-95/136.

USEPA (1995). Short-term methods for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to West Coast Marine and Estuarine Organisms. EPA/600/R-95/136.

US EPA (1996). 1995 Updates: Water quality criteria documents for the protection of aquatic life in ambient water. No. EPA 820-B96-001. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington D.C.

Walsh, G.E. 1987 Methods for toxicity tests of single substances and liquid complex wastes with marine unicellular algae. EPA-600-8/87/043. Cincinnati, Ohio. US Environmental Protection Agency.

Wang, W. 1987 Root elongation method for toxicity testing of organic and inorganic pollutants. Environ.Toxicol.Chem. 6:409-414.

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